Air pollution is a serious concern. Air is an important thing for all living things to survive in this world. The mixture of gases that are present in the earth and that people, animals, and plants breathe. Among all the gases, two are used by organisms to recharge their cells: oxygen and nitrogen. During breathing, oxygen is entered into the lungs and then passed into the bloodstream, where it is finally circulated to all cells of the body.

Health effects of Air pollution

Human beings and other living things cannot see air; it is an invisible one, but it is providing so many benefits to all living things on this earth; These include surviving life, producing energy, providing transportation, and protecting us from the sun’s UV rays. One of the main uses of air is to maintain plant and animal life. Modern technology and internet communication work because of the air present in the earth. 

Air is classified into four types based on mass: arctic, tropical, polar, and equatorial. Human beings need air to live. In a person’s body, the brain will use 20% of the breathing air to do its function actively. Breathing fresh air will clean the lungs, boost mood, reduce heart health risks, boost body energy levels, and improve digestion function.

All living things breathe hot, cold, and warm air, But human beings should be breathing warm air, which is good for their body’s health. Breathing too much hot air is not good for your body’s health. Breathing very cold air is also not good for the body’s health. That’s why human beings are facing some infections in their bodies due to sudden climatic changes.

There are so many benefits to breathing fresh air, and at the same time, modern people are living in a modern world with so much advanced technology with the help of the industrial revolution. But this technology and industrial emissions will affect the air. It will cause several health hazards for the body. Mainly, today’s people are breathing polluted air, due to these technologies and industrial emissions. Carbon emissions are the main reason for air pollution. 

Types of Air Pollutants

Air pollution has two basic types: primary pollutants and secondary pollutants.

Primary air pollution

Primary air pollution means pollutants enter the air directly. Some are released by natural processes, like ash from volcanoes; Most are released by human activities.

  • Co2 is released when fossil fuels burn.
  • Nitrogen oxides form when nitrogen and oxygen mingle at high temperatures; This occurs in hot exhausts from various vehicles( car, bike, truck, train, airplanes and rocket ), factories, and power plants.
  • Sulfur oxides are formed when sulfur and oxygen combine during coal burn.
  • Toxic heavy metals such as mercury and lead; Both metals have industrial uses.
  • Particulates are solid particles such as ash, dust, or even animal wastes. 

Secondary pollutants of Air Pollution

Secondary air pollutants form from primary air pollutants. Many occur as part of photochemical smog; Photochemical smog consists mainly of ozone (O3). 

Health effects of Air Pollution

People should know the effects of air pollution on this earth and their bodies health. Lots of people are not aware of this great disaster. In this article, I will explain in detail the health effects of air pollution.

Heart disease

Heart health is very important to live a healthy life. When a person breathes in poor quality air for a long duration, the air pollutants can travel deep into the bloodstream through lungs, and to heart. This can encourage the chance of heart problems and circulatory diseases. Air pollutants can affect the blood vessels by making them narrower and harder, but this process will happen very slowly. 

Lungs Disease

Lungs function is very important, they are the main organs in the respiratory system. Inhaling poor quality for long duration will surely affect the lungs function. According to a health  care report, around the world, ambient air pollution is estimated to cause about 16% of lung cancer deaths, 25% of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) deaths, and about 26% of respiratory infection deaths. Those who are not having smoking habits, but they can face lung- related disease because of second hand smoke. That means, when a person releases cigarette smoke to the surrounding area, inhaling that smoke also affects lungs. So be careful to keep your lungs healthy and wear a mask while traveling outside and in a high dust area. 


Asthma causes several troubles such as Shortness of breath, Chest tightness or pain and Wheezing when exhaling. Around the world more 262 millions of people are suffering from asthma and more than 455k people have lost their lives. Pollutants in the air can have the same effect on people with asthma as other triggers; They affect and irritate the airways, making them swell and tighten up, and cause breathing problems. Pollutants can also make people more likely to face upper respiratory infections (like colds), which can bring on asthma symptoms.

The Bottom Line of Air Pollution

People should follow precaution steps to stop air pollution in the future. Here I wants to mention some tips, they are 

  • Always using less and efficient energy only needs to do some work – at home, at work, everywhere.
  • Always buy quality products like 5 star products while buying home or office equipment.
  • Better to use public transportation instead of using a car or bike. Better to walk for short distances, it is good for body health and environment.
  • Always choose to use environmentally safe paints and cleaning products whenever possible.
  • Using a gas stove or electric stove for cooking instead of logs instead of wood.
  • Follow gasoline refueling instructions for efficient vapor recovery, being careful not to spill fuel and always tightening your gas cap securely.
  • Consider purchasing portable gasoline containers labeled “spill-proof,” where available.
  • Be sure your tires are properly inflated.