Liver Disease is a disorder related to Liver- one of the largest organs in human body. In the human body each and every organ is doing its function very well. Liver is the biggest organ in the human body and it plays a vital role to support metabolism, immunity, digestion, detoxification, vitamin storage among other functions. An adult man or woman has 2% of liver weight of its whole body weight. The size of the liver is just like the size of football. It is placed under a person’s rib cage on the right side of their abdomen. Maintaining the liver organ is important to keep the body healthy. Many people don’t know about their liver health. Lots of them don’t have knowledge about liver issue signs and symptoms. 

Liver Disease Symptoms causes and prevention methods

Symptoms of Liver Disease

Liver health issues don’t always cause noticeable signs and symptoms. If signs and symptoms of liver disease do occur, they may include such as:

  • Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles
  • Itchy skin
  • Dark urine color
  • Pale stool color
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tendency to bruise easily. 

Causes of Liver

Liver disease has many causes.


Parasites and viruses can infect the organ liver, causing inflammation that slowdown liver function. The viruses that affect the function of the organ liver and its total damage can be spread through blood or semen, contaminated food or water, or close contact with a person who is infected. The most general types of liver infection are hepatitis viruses, including:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C

Immune system abnormality

Diseases in which your immune system attacks the functions of certain organs in the body (autoimmune) can affect the liver organ. Few examples of autoimmune liver diseases include:

  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Primary biliary cholangitis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis


An abnormal gene inherited from one or both parents can cause various substances to form in a person’s liver organ, resulting in liver damage. Genetic liver diseases include:

  • Hemochromatosis
  • Wilson’s disease
  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

Cancer and other growths

Examples include:

  • Liver cancer
  • Bile duct cancer
  • Liver adenoma


Some other common causes of liver disease include:

  • Chronic alcohol abuse
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Consuming certain high dosage prescription or over-the-counter medications
  • Consuming certain herbal compounds

Risk factors of Liver Disease

Factors that may open a door to increase the risk of liver disease include:

  • Consuming high amounts of alcohol.
  • Obesity
  • Type 2 diabetes disease.
  • Applying Tattoos or body piercings
  • Injecting medicine using shared needles
  • Exposure to other people’s blood and body fluids
  • Doing Unprotected sexual relationship
  • Exposure to certain chemicals or toxins
  • Family history of liver disease

Prevention method for Liver disease

People can prevent liver disease by following some steps in their daily life. 

Avoid Drinking Alcohol

Consuming huge amounts of alcohol will cause several health issues including liver organ. Huge amount of consuming alcohol will provide more work to the liver organ. Heavy or high-risk drinking is defined as more than seven to eight drinks a week for women and more than 12 drinks a week for men.

Get vaccinated

If a person has an increased risk of contracting hepatitis or if you’ve already been infected with any form of the hepatitis virus, talk to a health care expert or doctor about getting the hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines.

Use medications proper way

Take prescription and non-prescription medicine only when needed and only in recommended doses. Don’t mix any prescription and non-prescription medicine with alcohol. People discuss with health care experts before mixing herbal supplements or prescription or non-prescription medicine.

Following a healthy food diet to treat Liver Disease

Following a healthy food diet will make the body fit and strong. Unhealthy food diet will lead to several health issues including liver disease. Modern day food diets will open a door to several health issues in the body. So people should be careful to follow a proper food diet.

  • Cruciferous veggies – Veges such as broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, cabbage and kale contain glutathione, which boost the liver function and eliminate toxin cleansing enzymes of the liver.
  • Olive oil – Yes, olive oil contains fat, but it’s generally considered a healthy one. It has been shown to reduce the levels of fat in the liver organ. Other cold-pressed organic oils such as hemp and flaxseed boosting liver function. 
  • Citrus fruit– Citrus fruits stimulate the liver organ function and support it to turn toxic materials into substances that can be absorbed by water. Grapefruit is especially good as it contains naringin and naringenin, which are antioxidant properties that decrease inflammation to prevent the liver from various damage. Citrus fruits are also loaded with rich amounts of vitamin C, so they’re great for keeping colds at bay.

Some More Point

  • Garlic – Garlic is a medicinal vegetable rich in sulphur and activates liver enzymes. It flushes toxins from body. It also contains so much selenium, a vital micronutrient that helps boost the natural antioxidant enzyme levels in our livers. People can consume raw garlic or cooked garlic. Consuming garlic juice also helps to keep the liver healthy and strong. Additionally garlic deals with gas trouble problems in people, so don’t forget to add garlic in the daily food diet list.
  • Green Tea– Evidence has shown that consuming green tea has benefits for the liver. A study based in Japan* found that drinking 4-8 cups of green tea a day can lead to improved blood markers of liver health. 
  • Clean hand– Always wash the hands neat and clean thoroughly before eating or preparing foods. If traveling to a developing country, use bottled water to drink. It will help to keep the liver healthy and protect from various infections.