Kidney stones are hard objects that is made from chemicals present in the urine. Stones can form within the kidney itself as well as in the ureter (the tube outflow urine from the kidney) or in the bladder. A pair of kidney organs placed in the abdomen. The main function of the kidney is the cleaning process, it mainly eliminates waste and extra water from the blood (as urine) and helps keep chemicals (such as sodium, phosphorus, potassium, and calcium) balanced in the body. It also helps to keep the blood pressure under control by making some hormones and also stimulating bone marrow to make red blood cells.
How did kidney Stones form?
Urine has so many different types of wastes dissolved in it. When there is a heavy amount of waste in too little liquid, crystals begin to form. The crystals attract other elements present in the urine and make together to form a solid that will get greater size unless it is passed out of the body with the urine.
Usually, these chemicals are removed in the urine by the body’s master chemist: the kidney organ. In most people, having enough liquid washes them out or other chemicals in urine halt a stone from forming. Chemicals such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate form a stone in the kidney.
Once the stone formed, it may settle in the kidney or travel down the urinary tract into the ureter. Sometimes, small size stones are eliminated from the body through urine without causing too much pain in the penis(male) or urethra(female). But large stones that don’t come out from the body through urine in the kidney, ureter, the bladder, or the urethra. This causes a huge pain in the body.
Symptoms for Kidney Stones
Each and every disease reveals symptoms in the human body, the same way kidney stones also reveal some symptoms in the body. Most of the time small size kidney stones are not showing any symptoms. But larger kidney stones are showing some symptoms in the body. They are …
- Severe pain on both side of lower back
- More pain or stomach ache that doesn’t reduce
- Blood contains in the urine
- Nausea or vomiting
- Fever and chills
- The smells of urine is very bad or looks cloudy
Reason for Kidney stones
Stones are formed in the kidney due to several reasons. Lots of people don’t know the reason for kidney stones.
- Drinking very less amount of water
- Doing too much exercise or very less.
- Doing weight loss surgery.
- Consuming food that contains too much salt.
- Consuming food that contains too much sugar.
- Infection in the body.
- Family history.
Types of Kidney Stones
There are four main types of kidney stones. They are Calcium oxalate, Uric acid, Struvite and cystine.
- Calcium oxalate: The most general type of kidney stone which is created when calcium combines with oxalate in the urine. Lack of calcium and fluid intake, as well other conditions, may contribute to this type of stones. Hard masses of chemicals will make this type of stone and also cause severe pain in the body.
- Uric acid: This is another general type of kidney stone. Foods such as meats and shellfish have a rich amount of concentrations of a natural chemical compound known as purines. High purine consumption leads to a greater production of monosodium urate, which, under the right conditions, may form stones in the organ of kidneys. This is also formed in the kidney due to people who lose too much fluid because of chronic diarrhea or malabsorption, those who intake a high-protein diet, and those suffering with diabetes or metabolic syndrome. Certain genetic factors also may increase the formation of uric acid stones.
- Struvite: The main reason for struvite stones formed in the kidney is urine contains more alkaline. This struvite stone contains main chemicals magnesium, ammonium phosphate and calcium. This stone causes infections in the upper urinary tract.
- Cystine: This type of stone formed due to a rare disorder called “cystinuria.” The natural substance called “cystine” drains into urine; afterwards too much of cystine in the urine will make a chance for kidney stones.
How to Prevent kidney stones
We all know “prevention is better than cure”. Kidney stones are also prevented by following some simple methods in daily life. This will help to protect the kidney and support the formation of stones in the kidney.
Water is an excellent natural resource to keep the body active and refresh the body within a few minutes. Drinking plenty of water will help keep urine less concentrated with waste products. Darker urine is more concentrated, so a person’s urine should appear very light yellow to clear white if he/she is well hydrated. People should drink more than 12 to 16 glasses of water a day. Drinking plenty of water in the morning, afternoon and evening is the right time. During playing hours also drinking enough water is good for the body. People should avoid drinking plenty of water at night time. This is a good habit, because it will give rest to the kidney and not affect the healthy sleeping hours.
Healthy food diet
Following a healthy diet will help to improve kidney function and avoid the formation of stones. Fresh fruits and vegetables will supports to improving kidney functions, so people should add foods with a lot of calcium, such as milk, cheese, yogurt, oysters, and tofu. Eating fresh fruit such as lemons, watermelon, and oranges will prevent kidney stones. People also drink some fresh juice to keep the stone free kidney.
- Lemon juice
- Basil juice
- Apple cider vinegar
- Celery juice
- Pomegranate juice
- Kidney bean broth
- Dandelion root juice
A kidney stone may be treated with shockwave lithotripsy, uteroscopy, percutaneous nephrolithomy or nephrolithotripsy and by following natural remedies. Kidney stone in size 4 millimeters (mm) or less in length will pass on its own within 31 days. Between 4 mm to 6 mm kidney stones, only 60% will pass without medical intervention, and on average take 45 days to exit your body naturally. Anything bigger than a 6 mm kidney stone will almost always need medical care to help remove the stone.